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Xinlu Hai Lake (Yilhun Lhatso) in Kham, Dege, Ganzi, West Sichuan, Southwest China
Xinluhai is located at the foot of Que’er Mountain (Chola Shan, 6168 meters) in Dege County of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Western Sichuan Province, adjacent to G317 of Sichuan-Tibet Highway. It is 98 kilometers away from Ganzi County, 100 kilometers away from Dege County, 4040 meters above sea level, with an average depth of 10 meters and a maximum depth of 15 meters. The source of water is supplied by the glacier and snow melting in Que'er Mountain, and the stream flowing out of the lake tail is one of the headwaters of the Cuoqu River.
Xinlughai is named Yilhun Lhatso in Tibetan Language. Yi is the heart, Lhun is the meaning of yearning, and Lhatso is the sacred lake. It is said that Zhumu, the concubine of the hero of the famous Tibetan epic "King Gesar", came to the lake, attracted by the beautiful scenery of the lake and the quiet environment, she wandered around the lake and forgot to return. Her heart of yearning for the beautiful river and mountain was still at the bottom of the lake. In order to commemorate Zhumu, later generations named it Yilhun Lhatso.
The ecology of Xinluhai and its surroundings is primitive and complete. From the firn basin with an altitude of 5000 meters, the crystal large glacier flows directly into the lakeside grassland, which is extremely spectacular. The lake is surrounded by plateau spruce, fir, cypress, azalea and meadow. Rare birds and animals appear on the lakeshore, wild ducks flock in the lake and fishes swim in the lake. This area is also one part of the Xinluhai White Lipped Deer Nature Reserve, which is the largest white lipped deer reserve in China.
Good ecological environment provides suitable natural conditions for the habitat and reproduction of many organisms. There are nearly 180 species of wild animals in the area, including 10 species of first-class national protection animals and 33 species of second-class protected animals. The main wild animals include white lipped deer, leopard, snow leopard, green tailed red pheasant, Chinese grouse, gypaetus barbatus, forest musk deer, white rumped deer, argali, Tibetan pheasant, blood pheasant, golden eagle, dry tartar gazelle, vulture, red fox, etc. The area is also rich in plant resources such as spruce, platycladus orientalis, alpine lakes and snow lotus. The scenic spot integrates modern glaciers, alpine lakes, virgin forests and wild animal and plant resources. It is an ideal destination for plateau tourism, sightseeing, photography, sketching and scientific research.
Photo by Liu Bin, China Greatway Tour